Flow cytometry as tool in plant sciences, with emphasis on genome size and ploidy level assessment

  • Mickael Bourge, PhD Institute of Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • Spencer Creig Brown, PhD Institute of Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • Sonja Siljak-Yakovlev, PhD Ecologie Systématique Evolution, Univ. Paris-Sud, CNRS, AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Saclay, 91400, Orsay, France

Abstract

Flow cytometry has become the method of choice to measure the DNA content (genome size) in plants. Ease of sample preparation, fast acquisition, and accurate measurements have made the method popular in the domains of plant cell biology, systematics, evolution, genetics and biotechnology. Although the cell wall is a problem when isolating plant cells, cytometry remains a powerful tool in plant sciences. Based on our 30-years’ experience in this field, this review will focus at first on genome size measurement using simply isolated nuclei: the good practice for acquisition, nuclei isolation, appropriate buffers, kind of tissues to use. The second part will briefly review what kind of measurements it is possible to make in plant cytometry, and for what purpose: base composition, ploidy level, cell cycle, endoreplication, seed screening, and nuclei/chromosomes sorting. We will address troubleshooting. The commonly-used mathematic tools will be discussed.

Published
2018-12-25
How to Cite
BOURGE, Mickael; BROWN, Spencer Creig; SILJAK-YAKOVLEV, Sonja. Flow cytometry as tool in plant sciences, with emphasis on genome size and ploidy level assessment. Genetics & Applications, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 1-12, dec. 2018. ISSN 2566-431X. Available at: <http://www.genapp.ba/index.php/genapp/article/view/66>. Date accessed: 18 june 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.31383/ga.vol2iss2pp1-12.
Section
Reviews