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Manuscripts should be prepared using a standard word processing program and presented in a clear readable format with easily identified sections and headings.

Manuscript layout directions

  • Typed with 1.5 line spacing (A4 format) with numbered pages;
  • Font Times New Roman 12 should be used for the text and Times New Roman 11 for tables and references;
  • The sections should typically be assembled in the following order: Title, Authors, Authors' full affiliations including department and post/zip codes, Corresponding author, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, Conflict of Interest, References, Tables, List of figure captions;
  • Footnotes in the main text are to be avoided.


The title needs to be concise and informative. It should: (i) arrest the attention of a potential reader scanning a journal or a list of titles; (ii) provide sufficient information to allow the reader to judge the relevance of a paper to his/her interests; (iii) contain no more than 170 characters including spaces.

Authors and affiliations

The names and affiliations of the authors should be presented as follows:

Mirjana Beribaka1*, Selma Hafizović2, Amela Pilav3, Mirela Džehverović3, Damir Marjanović2,4,5, Jasmina Čakar3
1University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Technology, Zvornik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Science, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
4International Burch University (IBU), Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
5Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
*Correspondence: E-mail:


Abstract should contain up to 250 words. It should be complete and understandable with no references. It is important to attract the attention of potential readers. The context and the rationale of the study are presented succinctly to support the objectives. The experimental methods and main results are summarized but should not be overburdened by numerical or probability values. The abstract ends with a short and clear conclusion.


Keywords (3 to 5 words) should be short and specific separated with commas.


The introduction briefly outlines the context of the work, presents the current issues that the authors are addressing and the rationale to support the objectives and clearly defines the objectives. This section should include references relevant to the research. For hypothesis driven research, the hypothesis under test should be clearly stated.

Materials and methods

Materials and methods should be described in sufficient details so that it is possible for others to repeat the experiment. This section can contain subtitles if necessary.

Results and discussion

This section should present only the author's own results and observations on the results, their significance for the subject-matter in question and a comparison with the results of other authors in the same field. The discussion section should avoid extensive repetition of the results.


In conclusions section summarize main points of your research.


In this section, the authors may acknowledge (max two sentences) their support staff, their funding sources (with research funder and/or grant number), their credits to companies or copyrighted material, etc.

Conflict Of Interest

Authors should declare any conflict of interest. Additionally, the conflict of interest must be declared in cover letter.


References should be cited in the text as follows: "The procedure used has been described elsewhere (Green, 1978), "or "Our observations are in agreement with those of Brown and Black (1979) and of White et al. (1980),"or with multiple references, in chronological order: "Earlier reports (Brown and Black, 1979, 1981; White et al., 1980; Smith, 1982, 1984).... ".

In the list of references papers should be given in alphabetical order according to the surname of the first author.

Journal article

Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952a) The components of membrane conductance in the giant axon of Loligo. J Physiol (Lond) 116:473-496.  

Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952b) The dual effect of membrane potential on sodium conductance in the giant axon of Loligo. J Physiol (Lond) 116:497-506.


Shibamoto T, Bjeldanes LF (1993) Introduction to food toxicology. Academic Press Inc, San Diego.

Chapter in a book 

Rodricks JV (2009) Food. In: Lippmann M. (ed) Environmental toxicants: Human exposures and their health effects. John Wiley & Sons Inc, Hoboken, pp. 197-239.


Tables with title should be submitted within manuscript file after the Reference section.


Figures (including graphs) should be submitted within the main text, named by “Figure 1”. Figure title for each figure should be listed in main document after Tables or References section. A legend must be supplied for each illustration.


After a paper is submitted to a journal, a journal Editor decides whether or not to send the manuscript for full peer review. Only after clearing the initial screening the manuscript is sent to two peer reviewers. Finally, journal editors or the journal’s editorial board consider the peer reviewers’ reports and make the final decision to accept or reject the manuscript for publication. Reviewers can recommend to Editor one of the following:
• Accept submission without revisions
• Accept submission after minor revisions 
• Accept submission after major revisions 
• Revise and resubmit 
• Decline submission

Technical reasons for rejection include:
• Incomplete data such as too small a sample size or missing or poor controls
• Poor analysis such as using inappropriate statistical tests or a lack of statistics altogether
• Inappropriate methodology for answering hypothesis or using old methodology that has been surpassed by newer, more powerful methods that provide more robust results
• Weak research motive where hypothesis is not clear or scientifically valid
• Inaccurate conclusions on assumptions that are not supported by data

Editorial reasons for rejection include:
• Out of scope for the journal
• Not enough of an advance or of enough impact for the journal
• Research ethics ignored such as consent from patients or approval from an ethics committee for animal research
• Lack of proper structure or not following journal formatting requirements
• Lack of the necessary detail for readers to fully understand and repeat the authors’ analysis and experiments
• Lack of up-to-date references or references containing a high proportion of self-citations
• Has poor language quality such that it cannot be understood by readers
• Difficult to follow logic or poorly presented data.
• Violation of publication ethics

The editor is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision. An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.


After a manuscript has been accepted for publication in Genetics & Applications, the author(s) will automatically receive a notification. The accepted manuscript will be processed into page proofs, with all art and tables in place. The technical editor will send the corresponding author a galley proof by e‐mail or mail, which should be corrected and returned within 72 hours. Authors must check their proofs very carefully, because the approval indicates that all copyediting changes have been accepted unless corrections are returned to the production editor. Authors must also answer any copyediting queries listed on the last page of the proof. As long as the author(s) fail(s) to answer the queries or to perform requested modifications, their article will not be published in G&A.


Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement is based on the "Codes of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines" developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) ( The International Standards for Editors and Authors were developed at the 2nd WCRI (see

Duties of Reviewers
Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author who may also assist the author in improving the paper. Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research report in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process. Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor. Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement or an observation, derivation, or argument that had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call the editor's attention to any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Duties of Authors
Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.
The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.


Plagiarism and self-plagiarism are not allowed and they will be dealt with iThenticate plagiarism cheker ( by the University of Sarajevo.


All authors must declare there is not any conflict of interest, financial and personal relationships including employment, consultancies, stock ownership, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. This statement must certify that all authors have seen and approved the manuscript being submitted. The corresponding author is responsible for the submission of the manuscript, on behalf of all co-authors. It is necessary to confirm that all listed authors have contributed significantly, have read the manuscript and that research submitted to G&A is not under consideration elsewhere.
Full disclosure is required when submitting paper to a journal.

The journal editor will use this information to inform editorial decisions, and may publish such disclosures to assist readers in evaluating the article. The editor may decide not to publish your article on the basis of any declared conflict. The conflict of interest must be declared in cover letter.
If there is no conflict of interest please state the following: “Authors declare no conflict of interest”
If there is no disclosure, the following statement will be published: “No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.”


The journal applies the Creative Commons Attribution License (CCAL), CC BY-SA to all works we publish (read the human-readable summary or the full license legal code).
Upon acceptance of their article, authors are requested to complete an assignment of copyright form, which transfers copyright to G&A.
Appropriate attribution can be provided by citing the original article.
This broad license was developed to facilitate open access to, and free use of, original works of all types. Applying this standard license to your own work will ensure your right to make your work freely and openly available. Learn more about open access. For more information about the license, please visit


Genetics & Applications is an open access journal and provides access to full text content immediately upon publishing.


The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


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